EET and NEET
Engagement in education, employment and training (EET)
The September Guarantee requires local authorities to find education and training places for 16- and 17-year-olds, to help ensure that every young person has the opportunity to gain skills and qualifications to help them progress to higher education, work and adult life. Offers should be appropriate to meet the young person’s needs and can include:
- full-time education in school sixth-forms or colleges
- an apprenticeship or traineeship
- employment combined with part-time education or training
The proportion of 16 and 17 year olds in Somerset receiving an offer of a place in education or training in 2017 was below national and regional averages (see below).
% 16-17 year olds made offer under September Guarantee 2017
||16 and 17-
year-olds known to the local authority
|Offer not appropriate (%)
|Not recorded (%)
Source: Department for Education: offers of education or training for 16-17 year olds
Destinations of Key Stage 4 and Key Stage 5 pupils
The Department for Education publishes annual estimates of the proportions of school and college-leavers staying on in education or going into employment or training.
In summary, for 2015/16:
- Overall, 95% of Somerset pupils were in sustained education, employment or training in the year after Key Stage 4, above the national average proportion of 94%
- 89% of Somerset students were in sustained education or employment after Key Stage 5, in line with the national average.
Pupils progressing into Higher Education
- In 2015/16, approximately 41% of pupils in state-funded mainstream schools and colleges in Somerset attended a UK higher education (HE) establishment the year after Key Stage 5.
- This was well below the national average (of 51%) and was the 15th (equal) lowest of any local authority area in England.
- However, Somerset students were almost as likely to go to one of the Russell Group of universities as their peers across England (11% and 12%, respectively).
- The South West has the lowest rate of pupils going to university of any region in England (42%).
- According to UCAS, the proportion of Somerset's 18 year-old population entering higher education is below the national average.
- The overall entry rate in Somerset in 2015 was 25.6%, compared to an average of 31.3% nationally.
- Information is published at parliamentary constituency level, indicating that the Wells constituency has the highest entry rate in Somerset (29.2%), followed by Taunton Deane (28.6%), Somerton and Frome (25.8%), Yeovil (23.0%) and Bridgwater and West Somerset (20.6%).
As part of the 2016 Somerset Children and Young People Survey (SCYPS), nearly 4,000 Year 8 and Year 10 pupils from participating schools were asked whether they intended to continue in full-time education after Year 11 (age 16).
- 60% of Year 8 and 68% of Year 10 pupils said they intended to stay in education, representing an increase since the 2014 survey.
- Across both secondary school year groups surveyed, girls were much more likely than boys to want to continue in full-time education (69% and 55%, respectively).
- Young carers and pupils with special educational needs (SEN) were less likely than their peers to express an intention to continue in full-time education after Year 11. (52% and 47%, respectively, and 62% of all pupils)
- Perhaps not surprisingly, intention to continue in full-time education was strongly associated with other positive views on school, such as 'In this school, people with different backgrounds are valued' and 'My work is marked so I can see how to improve it'.
Not in Education Employment or Training (NEET)
The majority of young people succeed in education and make a positive transition to adult life and the world of work. But there remain a small proportion who do not, and who become NEET (not in education, employment or training).
At the end of 2017, 3.3% of young people aged 16 and 17 in Somerset where known to be NEET, which was above the national average rate.
Number and proportion of 16 and 17 year olds not in education, employment or training or whose activity is not known, end 2017*
||Total number of NEET (inc not known)
(inc not known)
|of which known to be NEET
||of which activity not known
||ppt change in overall NEET measure since 2016
*Average of December 2017, January 2018 and February 2018
Source: Department for Education
Various risk factors associated with young people who become ‘NEET’, particularly those for whom it can be more prolonged, have been identified by various national and international studies. These include educational attainment at school, truancy and exclusion and a lack of information about employment, education and training opportunities post-16. Some of these factors are themselves associated with factors such as lack of parental support, low self-esteem and deprivation levels. Understanding these and addressing them early can reduce the likelihood of young people becoming NEET.