Employment and Economic Activity - November 2017
Published: March 2018
The Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES) is a rich dataset from which small area analyses can be derived at various levels. The survey collects employment information from businesses across the whole of the UK economy for each site that they operate.
- Employment is the number of people in employment. It consists of people aged 16 and over who did paid work (as an employee or self-employed working proprietors). The BRES figure for ‘total employment’ is often used to show the number of jobs in an area.
- An employee is anyone aged 16 years or over that an organisation directly pays from its payroll, in return for carrying out a full/part-time job or being on a training scheme. (Excludes: voluntary workers, self-employed, working owners who are not paid via PAYE).
‘Total employment’ (jobs) in Somerset increased by 2.9% between 2015 and 2016, compared to an increase of 2.9% at national level. 30% of the County’s jobs are located in South Somerset (66,700), whilst only 5% in West Somerset. 32% of Heart of the South West LEP area employment is based in Somerset
Somerset’s largest sector in employment terms is health (15.5%), followed by manufacturing (12.9%). The smallest sectors are agriculture, forestry & fishing (0.3%). Mining, quarrying and utilities sector had the largest annual increase between 2015 and 2016 (30.9%), closely followed by the financial and insurance sector (29.9%) The Professional, scientific and technical sector had the largest fall.
Somerset has a higher proportion of part-time workers than the national level (36% compared to 32%)’ Levels of part-time working have remained largely consistent since 2011.
78.8% of Somerset’s residents aged 16-64 are economically active, compared to 77.7% nationally. Both West Somerset and Mendip saw a slight increase in economic activity over the last year, however the other three areas saw a fall over the year. Males have a consistently higher economic activity rate than females across Somerset, the LEP and the UK.
Somerset’s employment rate is higher than the national level (75.8% compared to 74.2%). West Somerset has the highest employment rate of all the districts (79.7%). South Somerset saw the greatest decline over the last year (3.6%).