In order to analyse data for an area we often use various administrative or statistical geographic boundary to divide the county up. This page aims to introduce some of the more commonly used boundaries, where they come from and what they represent.
Maps of some of these areas are available to look at on the site. View District Boundaries, Electoral Division Boundaries or Electoral Ward Boundaries on Googles Maps.
The diagram below shows how different geographies fit in to each other, for example, electoral wards fit in to districts but they do not fit in to electoral divisions. The numbers below some boxes indicate the years in which the boundaries have been revised.
Somerset: Our work generally covers the administrative area of Somerset as serviced by Somerset County Council and 5 District Councils. The ceremonial area of Somerset also includes the areas administered by the unitary authorities of North Somerset and Bath and North East Somerset. Other neighbouring authorities include Wiltshire, Dorset and Devon.
Districts: The county of Somerset is divided into five Districts: Mendip, Sedgemoor, South Somerset, Taunton Deane and West Somerset.
Electoral Divisions: These are the areas represented by members elected to Somerset County Council. In the 2013 County Council Elections the number of Electoral Divisions reduced from 58 to 54 (though one division has two members) with most boundaries changing. As with Wards, each is wholly contained within a District but Ward boundaries do not necessarily fit within an Electoral Division.
Electoral Wards: Each District contains a number of electoral Wards, which are the areas represented by members elected to the District Councils. The boundaries change periodically to reflect population numbers within the wards ensuring even numbers for voting. In Somerset, a number of changes were made in 2007, primarily affecting Mendip District, and 2011, affecting Sedgemoor and West Somerset. Because of the different ways by which the 2001 Wards (144 in total) and 2007 Wards (142) are defined, not all data are available for both types of Ward. You may also come across data for 2003 ST Wards. These are identical to the 2001 Wards except for a small number of Wards in West Somerset. Here, three pairs of 2001 Wards with relatively low numbers of people have been merged to make the resulting areas more robust for analysis.
Parishes: Somerset is divided into 329 civil parishes, which originally arose from Church of England boundaries. They range from the very small (communities of around 50 people) to the very large (for example, the whole of Bridgwater). In addition, much of Taunton is classified as Unparished.
Lower Super Output Areas (LSOA) and Middle Super Output Areas (MSOA): Parish, Electoral Ward, District and County boundaries change over time. In 2001 following the Census, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) created its own boundary system so areas could be compared consistently over time. The smallest geographic areas are known as Output Areas (OA). OAs fit into Lower Super Output Areas (LSOA), which in turn fit into larger geographic areas Middle Layer Super Output Areas (MSOA). In 2001 throughout the UK each of the LSOAs contained around 1,500 people and the MSOAs around 7,500 people. Following the 2011 Census, LSOAs and MSOAs were revised to take account of population changes. In Somerset this resulted in some LSOAs being split into 2 and others being merged together, the overall number of LSOAs did not change however and MSOA were untouched. In Somerset, there are 327 LSOAs and 71 MSOAs.
Built-up Areas (BUA): As part of the 2011 Census ONS created the Built-up Area geography similar to the previously named rural areas. The definition follows a “bricks and mortar” approach, with BUAs defined as land with a minimum area of 20 hectares (200,000 square metres), while settlements within 200 metres of each other are linked. This point about settlements within 200 meters being linked can result in towns & villages that local people would describe as being separate, being combined. The best example in Somerset is the Burnham-on-Sea BUA which includes Highbridge, Berrow and Brean.
A number of census tables have been released with figures based on these BUAs. These figures are produced by aggregating Output Areas that are at least partially covered by the BUA area.
Postcodes: The postcode system introduced by the Royal Mail uses boundaries which are not aligned with those used by administrative areas or the ONS. Consequently, where data are available only at postcode level they can be aggregated to any other geographical boundaries, where appropriate.